Frequently Asked Questions

What is Diabetes?

There are three main types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. Type 1 is usually diagnosed in children and adolescents. It occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that controls the amount of glucose in the blood.

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body does not effectively use the insulin that is produced.

A third type of diabetes, gestational diabetes, is a temporary condition that occurs during pregnancy. It affects approximately 2 to 4 per cent of all pregnancies (in the non-Aboriginal population) and involves an increased risk of developing diabetes for both mother and child.

Prediabetes refers to a condition where a person’s blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes.